Contrary to what you urban dwellers might be thinking, an “ecotone” is NOT an environmentally sensitive ring tone for your i-phone.  It is, in fact, one of my favorite ecological conditions. An ECOTONE is the margin between two (or occasionally more) ecological communities.  It is the place where these meet that the organisms common to each come together, providing for a greater diversity of species.  Such is the situation in our western states where forest communities meet desert or grasslands.

In the area west of the pioneer community of Fort Rock, Oregon, at the boundary where the Deschutes National Forest adjoins BLM lands, such an ecotone is obvious as the ponderosa pine forest abruptly ends and the treeless sagebrush community begins.  Here, species common to both forest and high desert communities are often found in conjunction with one another.

Fort Rock


Fort Rock, Oregon


Ecotone: Where the pine meets the sage


This is an arid area, having few locations where water is available during the hot summer months.  The Forest Service and the Audubon Society have enhanced the area through the installation of small water sources, the basins kept wet by water stored in underground cisterns that collect and store water during the winter moisture period.

Water basin


Early this July I set up my portable photo blind near one of these basins and in two days was rewarded with and amazing number of species, primarily birds, using the water source.  I took images of 21 birds and 2 mammals that regularly frequented this site.  These are some of my images:

Clark’s nutcracker

Clark's Nutcracker 4

Pinyon jay

Pinyon Jay 3

Northern flicker

Northern Flicker 2

White-headed woodpecker

White-headed Woodpecker 2

Hairy woodpecker

Hairy Woodpecker 1

Lewis’s woodpecker

Lewis's Woodpecker 1

Western tanager

Western Tanager 1

Cassin’s finch

Cassin's Finch 3

Chipping sparrow

Chipping Sparrow 1

Brewer’s Sparrow

Brewer's Sparrow 2

White-breasted nuthatch

White-breasted Nuthatch 1

Mountain bluebird

Mountain Bluebird 4

Western bluebird



Robin 1

Mourning dove

Mourning Dove 1

Eurasian collared dove

Eurasian Collared Dove 1

Yellow-rumped warbler

Yellow-rumped Warbler 2

Mountain chickadee

Mountain Chickadee 4

Sage thrasher

Sage Thrasher 3

Horned lark

Horned Lark 1

California quail

California Quail 1

Yellow pine chipmunk

Yellow Pine Chipmunk 3

Golden-mantled ground squirrel

Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel 1

The Gull Feather


Alone –

on a bleak winter beach

endlessly pelted by crystalline sands


Alone –

half exposed midst the grains

held fast in its tomb as by invisible hands


Alone –

worn, frayed – yet still strong

once one of many, now gone from their sight


Alone –

nevermore to be preened

nor feel the air move in the magic of flight


Alone –

cast out and replaced

now blown by cold winds to whence it might lie


Alone –

I perceive its sad fate

we be one in the same, that feather and I.



Dean Carrier

Rio Grande Valley, Texas-Part Two

My next two days were spent at Laguna Seca Ranch with their 5 bird-blind areas.  My guide, Ruth Hoyt, was exceptional…fun…and extremely knowledgeable, helping me through my periodic, “Now why in Hell is my camera doing this?” problems.  Although we had rain and wind the first day, the second day was bright and sunny.  Good opportunities for image both days.

Photographic blinds are rented by ranchers who have found there’s more $$ in catering to photographers than trying to raise cows in this area.  Water and food is provided and birds get used to coming into the sites.


Ruth Hoyt is the primary guide for the Laguna Seca Ranch, although she guides on several others and on South Padre Island.  A very accomplished bird photographer.


The habitat is mesquite scrub…not very picturesque and as the area is FLAT (the highest spot I was on was on a freeway overpass) there are no opportunities for “scenics.”


Caracara-Actually a falcon but adapted to scavenging.

Northern Caracara 2

Caracara-Adult & juvenile

Northern Caracara 3

Harris Hawk-A desert-loving hawk, often hunting in groups.  Found in Arizona, southern Texas and Baja California.

Harris Hawk 3

Turkey vulture-Ubiquitous over this continent.  Likely one of our most valuable species in that they rapidly clean up dead animals from rodents to deer.

Turkey Vulture 1

Black vulture-Smaller, hangs around with turkey vultures.

Black Vulture 5

Scissor-tailed flycatcher-A very showy bird, flying to and from a roost (often a barbed wire fence) but this one was on a natural snag.

Scissor-taile Flycatcher 1

Green jay-The most colorful of the jays and found only in the Ruio Grande Valley of Texas and a small part of Mexico.

Green Jay 4

Bobwhite-The quail found in most states east of the Rocky Mountains.

Northern Bobwhite 1

Black-crested titmouse-Be quick as they are in and gone.

Black-crested Titmouse 5

Cardinal-Never get enough shots of this common species.

Cardinal 4

Olive sparrow-Very pretty and fairly tame.

Olive Sparrow 3

Long-billed thrasher-Somewhat more arboreal than the curve-billed thrasher.  Very pretty song.

Long-billed Thrasher 1

Curve-billed thrasher-A ground-lover.

Curve-billed Thrasher 7

Ground dove-Secretive and cautious.  The sound of the camera shutter and off it goes.

Ground Dove 4

Mourning dove-Ubiquitous but always photogenic.

MourningDove 11

Golden-fronted woodpecker-Brightly colored and aggressive.  Only the green jays are not intimidated.

Golden-fronted Woodpecker 2

Mockingbird-State bird of Texas…appropriate!

Mockingbird 5

Rio Grande Valley, Texas-Part One

Looking out the window while flying from Houston to Harlingen one can only think, “My God, how humanity has changed the face of the earth!”  Urban, rural, agriculture, petroleum, wind farms, you name it…it’s there.  Not that the country was scenic grandeur before…flat as a pancake and covered with mesquite with an occasional depression holding water.  There are still a few ranches and many of these are being converted from scratching out a living raising livestock to providing habitat for birds to entice photographers — like me — who pay to use their blinds to get images.  Also, there are a number of federal, state and private refuges scattered within this area.  All one really has to worry about is not looking like you are smuggling in drugs or people or get caught in the numerous road-blocks the Border Patrol instigates.

My first morning was spent on South Padre Island at the World Birding Center where a boardwalk follows the coastline through wetland habitats.  A good place for migrating songbirds although I was a couple of weeks too early, but, there were still a lot of resident species that made for exciting images.


Scene 7

Boat-tailed grackle

Boat-tailed Grackle 4

Boat-tailed Grackle 3

They’re EVERYWHERE where there’s any humanity.  A very invasive species.

Gt. Blue heron



Very tame in the east…never could figure why as you can’t even slow the car before they fly out her in California.



Sora rail

Sora Rail 5

Clapper rail

Clapper Rail 1

It appeared out of nowhere and disappeared before I could change to a smaller lens.

Tri-colored heron

Tri-colored Heron 3

Snack time!

Roseate spoonbill

Roseate Spoonbill 2

Common moorhen

Common Moorehen 6

Bonapart’s gull

Bonaparte's Gull 1

Water Thrush

Louisiana Water Thrush 3


Alligator 1

Green heron

Green Heron 1

That afternoon I drove up to the Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge, an area of scrub forest, wetlands and coastline.  Paved trails were pretty easy walking for an old guy carrying 30 lbs. of camera and lens and there was a photo blind with benches to boot.

Green Jay

Green Jay 1

The most flashy bird in this area and as aggressive as are all jays.


Roadrunner 5

Posing for me along the entrance road.

Baby alligator

Alligator 3

A number of these were in a pond with their mother.


Eastern Cottontail

Long-tailed weasel

Long-tailed Weasel 1

Probably looking for the cottontail.  Here in the SE states they have the distinctive face masks.


Chachalaca 1

Tame and always around but never come out so one can get a clear image.

Wise Words from a Wise Man

“Before you speak to me about your religion, first show it to me in how you treat other people; before you tell me how much you love your God, show me in how much you love all His children; before you preach to me of your passion for your faith, teach me about it through your compassion for your neighbors. In the end, I’m not as interested in what you have to tell or sell as in how you choose to live and give.” –Senator Cory Booker (New Jersey-D)


The cold winter months are not the most conducive to great bird photography.  The birds tend to stay out of the open and in the protection of trees and bushes.  In addition, those which sport bright breeding plumage have just begun to change and are often rather dull.  However, one benefit is their attraction to our feeders where they don’t have to scrounge in the bushes for food.

These photos were all taken sitting within the warm confines of our kitchen through an open window.  About 3 meters away is an oak tree where the birds gather to utilize a suet feeder.  There are always the common local species but sometimes I’m surprised by a speedy entrance and exit of an uncommon species so the wait is often worth it.

Dark-eyed Junco (“Oregon Junco” race):  These are one of the most common birds in the neighborhood, arriving in late October and staying until April.  Normally ground feeders, they really like the suet and there are always several in the tree and on the ground.

Dark-eyed Junco 15

Oak Titmouse:  Another common species that’s resident here all year.  They are pretty quick; coming into the feeder and grabbing a bite, taking it to a protected area to consume it, and then back again.

Oak Titmouse18

White-crowned Sparrow: Largest sparrow and very showy.  More common in the winter than in the summer.

Wt Cr Sparrow 11

Golden-crowned Sparrow: Usually competing for fallen scraps under the suet feeder.  Only here in th winter.


House Finch: Another year-round resident, likely the most common.  Mostly considered one of those LBJ’s (Little Brown Jobbies) yet the breeding males can be very flashy.  Most hang out around the sunflower seed feeders in the back yard.


White-breasted Nuthatch: Scooting up and down the trunk and branches, they really like the suet but getting them to sit still enough for an image is a challenge.

WB Nuthatch4

Lesser Goldfinch: The oak tree is a stop-over in route to the backyard thistle feeder.  Year round, very common, we initially hung a small thistle-seed sock to attract them, now we go through 50 lbs. of thistle seed a month.


Pine Siskin: Another first-year visitor from the pine zone.

Pine Siskin 1

Steller’s Jay: This is the first year we’ve had this species, apparently moving down from the Ponderosa pine zone a few miles above us.  You’d think with the warming climate the movement would be the other way but not so.

Steller's Jay 3

Spotted Towhee:  These guys don’t feed off the feeder but stay on the ground below it to pick at the scattered pieces the other birds dislodge.  A resident, but they are very scarce in the summer, staying in the brushy canyon below the house.


Say’s Phoebe:  First (and last) time I’ve seen this species here.  Stopped briefly for a few seconds and then was gone…not enough time for a lot of good images.  These are flycatchers so the suet would not attract them.

Say's Phoebe 2

Western Bluebird: Residents all year but only occasionally seen in the oak tree, briefly landing to watch for insects in the lawn below.


Nuttal’s Woodpecker: Never seen until we put up the suet feeder.  Now both male and female there several times a day all year.


Acorn Woodpecker: Obviously the royal family of the area.  Loud, obnoxious, destructive.  There’s probably a dozen in and round our property.  When they arrive they do so with a lot of squawking to warn the other birds to get out.  A $1,500 renovation of our roof now prevents them from jamming their acorns under the shingles for storage so they’ve reverted to filling all my nest boxes with acorns Making it necessary to clean them a couple times before nesting season.  But, for color and attitude, you can’t find a better bird.